PIR motion sensor Module

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PIR sensors allow you to sense motion, almost always used to detect whether a human has moved in or out of the sensors range. They are small,inexpensive, low-power, easy to use and don't wear out.PIR sensor are basically made of a pyroelectric sensor ,which can detect levels of infrared radiation. Everything emits some low level radiation, and the hotter something is, the more radiation is emitted. The sensor in a motion detector is actually split in two halves. The reason for that is that we are looking to detect motion (change) not average IR levels. The two halves are wired up so that they cancel each other out. If one half sees more or less IR radiation than the other, the output will swing high or low.

Technical parameters

  • Operating voltage: DC5V
  • Static power consumption: 65 microamps
  • level output: high-5V, low-0V
  • Delay Time: adjustable (0.3 seconds to 18 seconds)
  • embargo time: 0.2 seconds
  • sensing range: less than 120 degrees angle, 7 meters
  • Operating temperature: -15 ~ +70 degrees


When motion is sensed, pin S output 5V. There is a yelow knob on the back for adjusting the output pulse duration.Spinning clockwise increase the the output pulse duration. Spinning anticlockwise decrease the output pulse duration. To make the following test more explicit ,you need to spin the knob anticlockwise to the end to decrease the ouput duration.

The sensor module can't get to work immediately when it's energized. It starts to work about 15 seconds later after energized.

PIR sensor3.jpg PIR sensor wiring.jpg

Example code

int pirPin = 2; //digital 2
void setup(){
pinMode(pirPin, INPUT);
pinMode(13, INPUT);
void loop(){
int pirVal = digitalRead(pirPin);
if(pirVal == HIGH)
{ //was motion detected
else {


PIR sensor2.jpg

PIR sensor1.jpg

How to buy it

Click here to buy PIR sensor module